Glossary of Nutrition Terms PDF Print
Tuesday, 10 June 2008 20:12

Aspartic Acid

What it’s good for: Not to be confused with Aspartame. A naturally produced amino acid in the body, one of the 20 building blocks of protein. It has a role as a neurotransmitter.

Biotin

What it's good for: Metabolizes fats, proteins and carbohydrates, helps in the transfer of carbon dioxide and assists in various metabolic chemical conversions.

Boron

What it’s good for: essential for magnesium and calcium metabolism,is involved in cognitive performance.

Calcium (as Carbonate/Ascorbate)

What it's good for: Becomes Calcium Ascorbate when added to water. Supports bones, teeth, muscle tissue, regulates the heartbeat, muscle action, nerve function, blood clotting.

Carnitine

What it’s good for: A nonessential amino acid involved in creatine synthesis, a compound that stores energy in muscle. Helps to remove ammonia from the body as part of the urea cycle.

Choline Bitartrate

What it’s good for: A lipotropic substance sometimes included in the vitamin B complex as essential for the metabolism of fats in the body. Precursor to acetylcholine, a major neurotransmitter in the brain. Choline prevents the deposition of fats in the liver and facilitates the movement of fats into the cells. Deficiency leads to cirrhosis of the liver.

Chromium (Picolinate)

What it's good for: Acts cooperatively with other substances to control insulin and certain enzymes.

Coenzyme Q 10

What it’s good for: Iimproves the function of mitochondria, the “powerhouses” that produce energy in the cells. Is also a very effective antioxidant. Levels of COQ10 normally decline with age.

Copper (Aspartate)

What it's good for: Formation of red blood cells, pigment, bone health.

Folic Acid

What it's good for: A B-complex vitamin that functions along with vitamin B-12 and vitamin C in the utilization of proteins. It has an essential role in the formation of heme (the iron containing protein in hemoglobin necessary for the formation of red blood cells) and DNA. Folic acid is essential during pregnancy to prevent neural tubular defects in the developing fetus.

Fructose

What it’s good for: A sugar that occurs naturally in fruits and honey. Fructose has 4 calories per gram. Fuctose does not stimulate insulin secretion.

Ginger

What it’s good for: Helps support a healthy cardiovascular and has traditionally been used to help inflammatory joint diseases.

Glucosamine

What it’s good for: A component of cartilage, the tissue that acts as cushion between the bones in a joint. Glucosamine is clinically proven to retard the progression of degenerative changes in the joints.

Gotu Kola (Centella)

What it’s good for: Not a member of the stimulating COLA Family. Centella has remarkable wound healing properties, has been found to induce levels of antioxidants in wounds and newly-formed tissue, improves collagen formation

Inositol Hexanicotinate

What it’s good for: A form of Niacin which does not cause flushing. Inositol hexaniacinate delivers niacin in a natural slow-release way, allowing for cholesterol-modulating benefits.

Lipoic Acid

What it’s good for: Alpha-lipoic acid has been referred to as a "universal antioxidant" because it's soluble in both water and oil. Due to this quality, it is believed that alpha-lipoic acid can provide the greatest protection against damaging free radicals when compared with other antioxidants.

Lysine

What it’s good for: Essential amino acid. Important for growth, tissue repair, and the production of hormones, enzymes and antibodies. Research indicates that lysine may be useful in the treatment of migraine and herpes simplex. Precursor to carnitine in the body.

Magnesium

What it’s good for: An essential mineral. Maintains the electrical potential across nerve and muscle membranes. It is essential for proper heartbeat and nerve transmission. About 70 percent of the body's magnesium is contained in the teeth and bones.

Magnesium (Ascorbate)

What it's good for: Enzyme activation, nerve and muscle function, and bone growth.

Manganese

What it's good for: Essential for reproductive function, physical growth, normal formation of bones and cartilage and normal brain function.

Molybdenum

What it's good for: An essential trace element that helps regulate iron stores in the body and is a key component of at least three enzymes involved with carbohydrate metabolism and fat oxidation. It's involved in the metabolism of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) iron and food converts food into energy, and helps break down toxic build ups of sulfites in the body. Molybdenum deficiencies are associated with esophageal cancer, sexual impotency and tooth decay.

Potassium

What it’s good for: Serves as an electrolyte and is involved in the balance of fluid within the body. Potassium is the principal cation (positive ion) of the fluid within cells and is important in controlling the activity of the heart, muscles, nervous system and just about every cell in the body. Evidence is showing that potassium is also involved in bone calcification.

Selenium

What it’s good for: An essential element that in combination with Vitamin E will aid in the production of antibodies and help maintain a healthy heart, provides elasticity to tissues and helps cells defend themselves against damage from oxidation.

Sodium

What it’s good for: Regulates body fluid volume, transports amino acids to cells and plays a role in muscle contraction and nerve transmission. Sodium is an important mineral found in our bones, in the fluids surrounding our cells and in the cardiovascular system.

Taurine

What it’s good for: An essential amino acid. Plays a role in cell-membrane stabilization, calcium balance, growth modulation and the regulation of osmotic pressure in the body (water transfer). Taurine is important for fat metabolism and blood cholesterol control.

Tri-Methyl-Glycine (Betaine)

What it’s good for: An extract from sugar beets, TMG is a versatile nutrient that can enable a person to function at more optimum mental and physical levels. In a broad sense, TMG protects the body from many forms of physical and environmental stress. Along with cofactors such as vitamins B6, B12 and Folic Acid, TMG is part of a chemical contingent in the body that works against cancer, heart and neurological diseases, and nearly every age-related disorder.

Tyrosine

What it’s good for: A conditionally essential amino acid, tyrosine can elevate mood and is a precursor of the brain neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine.

Vanadium

What it’s good for: An important trace mineral and helps support normal blood sugar levels. Helps optimize glycogen storage to yield more energy.

Vitamin A (Retinol Palmitate; Beta-Carotene)

What it's good for: Promotes growth and repair of body tissue, healthy eyes, good night vision and a strong immune system.

Vitamin B-1 (Thiamine)

What it's good for: Helps convert food into energy, nerve functions, growth and muscle tone.

Vitamin B-2 (Riboflavin)

What it's good for: Releases energy, keeps red blood cells healthy, makes hormones.

Vitamin B-3 (Niacinamide)

What it's good for: A non-flushing form. Releases energy, important for a healthy digestive system, blood circulation, nerve function, appetite.

Vitamin B-5 (Pantothenic Acid)

What it's good for: Converts food into energy, necessary to make important hormones, vitamin D, and red blood cells.

Vitamin B-6 (Pyridoxine)

What it's good for: Influences many body functions including regulating blood glucose levels, manufacturing hemoglobin and aiding the utilization of protein, carbohydrates and fats. It also aids in the function of the nervous and immune system.

Vitamin B-12 (as Hydroxocobalamin)

What it's good for: Essential for normal growth and functioning of all body cells, especially those of bone marrow (red blood cell formation), gastrointestinal tract and nervous system, it prevents pernicious anemia and plays a crucial part in the reproduction of every cell of the body i.e. synthesis of genetic material (DNA).

Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid)

What it's good for: Helps wounds heal, strengthens blood vessels, builds connective tissue,healthy gums, skin and promotes strong teeth and bones. Used as an immune booster.

Vitamin D3 (Cholecalciferol)

What it's good for: Calcium and phosphorus metabolism, aids bone growth and integrity, promotes strong teeth.

Vitamin E (d-Alpha Tocopherol Acetate)

What it's good for: Antioxidant powers protect cell membranes, essential for red blood cells, aids cellular respiration and protects lung tisse from pollution.

Vitamin K (Phylloquinone)

What it's good for: Helps blood clot.

Zinc

What it's good for: Cofactor in energy metabolism, amino acid and protein synthesis; Antioxidant effects to protect the immune system. Essential for normal growth, development and immunity. Helps maintain skin, hair and bones. Keeps reproductive organs functioning and helps in the perception of taste and the ability to see at night.

 


Last Updated on Tuesday, 10 June 2008 20:30